- All pages on this site should follow Priorities 1 & 2 guidelines of the W3C Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0
- All pages on this site should validate as XHTML 1.0 Strict.
- All pages on this site should use structured semantic markup. H1 tags should be used for main titles, H2 tags for subtitles etc. For example, on this page, JAWS users can skip to the next section within the accessibility statement by pressingALT+INSERT+3. Opera users can skip sections by using " S" and "W" to cycle forwards and backwards respectively through headings.
Web pages on this site should include 4 different areas:
- A header bar
- A side bar that includes the main site navigation
- A main content area,
- A footer.
When CSS (Cascading Styles Sheet) are not applied to a document (or when using a screen reader), these four areas should rendered in the above order.
You can use the TAB key to navigate down through links within the menu and the main text of each page. Pressing the SHIFTkey at the same time as the TAB key will allow you to move up through the links on each page.
Once a link has been highlighted, select ENTER to activate it.
Pre-defined access (shortcut) keys often clash with keys set aside for use with other software - including software that allows users with particular needs to browse the Web.
This site does not define access keys so that any potential clashes with other software are avoided.
- Unless they are purely decorative items, all images used on this web site should have suitable text alternatives.
- Content should be usable/accessible with images 'off' (disabled).
- Links should be written to make sense out of context.
- The first link in every web page should be a "Skip Site Menu". This can be used to jump directly to what is considered the main section of the page (the content).
The following links explain the many ways you can make the web more accessible to you.
- Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, which explains the reasons behind this policy.
- Techniques for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0, which explains how to implement each guideline.
- Checklist of Checkpoints for Web Content Accessibility Guidelines 1.0 - a guide to accessible web development.
- JAWS, a screen reader for Windows. A time-limited, downloadable demo is available.
- Lynx, a free text-only web browser for blind users with refreshable Braille displays.
- Links, a free text-only web browser for visual users with low bandwidth.
- Opera, a visual browser with many accessibility-related features, including text zooming, user stylesheets, image toggle. A free downloadable version is available. Compatible with Windows, Macintosh, Linux, and several other operating systems.
- Cynthia Says Portal, a free service to analyse web pages for compliance to accessibility guidelines.
- HTML Validator, a free service for checking that web pages conform to published HTML standards.
- WebAIM, a non-profit organization dedicated to improving accessibility to online learning materials.
- Designing More Usable Web Sites, a large list of additional resources.